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  2. Introduction
  3. E-Commerce Dissertation Topics
  4. Report on the Legal System of Electronic Commerce -full text- Introduction
  5. E-Commerce and E-Business/Concepts and Definitions

IJEL serves as a forum to facilitate the international exchange of information on the current research, development, and practice of e-learning in these sectors. Research papers Reports on case studies Survey articles e-Learning standards and proposals Reports on major e-Learning projects Book and product presentations or discussions.

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It covers all aspects of e-learning including:. The possible scenarios of a knowledge society which is fostered by e-Learning technologies and lifelong learning methodologies constitute the focus of this journal. It is aimed at researchers, educators and professionals involved in technological innovation and online education as well as knowledge management. Specific subjects include but are not restricted to:.

The e-Service Journal is a multi-disciplinary journal that covers a variety of topics relevant to both researchers and practitioners in the broadly-defined areas of e-Business and e-Government. Examples of topics that fit the journal's mission include the following. The list is by no means exhaustive. Design and delivery of electronic services in such fields as education, entertainment, politics, travel, and leisure Transaction of consumer-to-consumer services, such as in electronic auctions, and their effects on the global economy Coordination of business-to-business services, such as with Internet-based EDI and supply-chain management Design of effective e-service sites, choice of appropriate delivery mechanisms, e.

Ecological Informatics is a new international journal devoted to the publication of high quality, peer-reviewed articles on all aspects of ecoinformatics, computational ecology and systems ecology, and special issues on topics of current interest. The scope of the journal includes principles of information processing from genomes to ecosystems, computational approaches to ecological scales and complexity, computational approaches to ecosystems analysis, synthesis, simulation and forecasting, ecological pattern analysis at nano- to macroscales, management of ecological data.

Ecological Informatics publishes research in the following areas:. The Economy Informatics Journal throws an insightful regard upon the research, education and practice from fields related to economic informatics such as: digital content, e-learning, economy in digital environment, applying informatics technologies in economics, security of informatics systems, computer networks, both quantitative and qualitative models that can be applied in computer science.

The Economy Informatics Journal permanently tries to improve its processes and quality. For this the collaboration of highly recognized personalities from the journal. The open access eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government JeDEM provides a platform for all those interested in discussing issues and challenges democratic societies face today. It promotes contributions within an emerging science of the information age following the highest standards of peer review.

It is a journal that focuses on Policy and Legislation; Political Science; Business Information Technology; Business and Economy; Cyberpsychology; Usability; eDemocracy; eSociety; eGovernment; eParticipation and eVoting with a special interest in critical studies in these thematic fields.

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Papers should present findings in relation to democratic usability and encourage user centred thinking in a global, sustainable and participatory information society. JEDEM is an innovative journal that welcomes submissions from all disciplines and approaches. We publish theoretical, practical and empirical research. It covers the complex relationships between information and communication technologies and education.

The journal provides perspectives at all levels, from the micro of specific applications or instances of use in classrooms to macro concerns of national policies and major projects; from classes of five year olds to adults in tertiary institutions; from teachers and administrators, to researchers and designers; from institutions to open, distance and lifelong learning. This breadth of coverage allows Education and Information Technologies to examine fundamental issues at all levels, discuss specific instances and cases, draw inference and probe theory.

This journal is embedded in the research and practice of professionals. Our purpose in the Journal of Education, Informatics and Cybernetics JEIC is to gather and disseminate original research, reflections and reviews in Education and its bidirectional relationships with Informatics and Cybernetics. JEIC encourages researchers and practitioners to submit their valuable manuscripts for fast publication and also invites reviewers to join the two tier reviewing process, in which double-blind and non-blind reviewing are used.

The articles should discuss the perspectives of both communities and their relation to each other:.

Advantages/Disadvantages of e-commerce – Categories and Features of E-Commerce(Hindi)

The aim of the journal is to help them better understand each other's role in the overall process of education and how they may support each other. The scope of the journal is very broad. With the aim of providing a platform for international Chinese scholars and experts in the field of education technology and encouraging academic cooperation, communication, and support among professionals, JETDE provides a multidisciplinary forum and focal points for SICET members to exchange practice and research between disciplines, educational levels, and educational technologies.

Areas of interest include:. A general-interest, bimonthly magazine, EDUCAUSE Review offers a broad look at current developments and trends in information technology, what these mean for higher education, and how they affect colleges and universities today. As such, the articles provide views regarding the current situation and e-learning trends in different communities: schools, universities, companies, civil society and institutions. Through these articles, the journal promotes the use of ICT for lifelong learning in Europe.

The scope of the eLearning Papers reflects the four interest areas of elearningeuropa. All e-learning related themes are accepted as topics. The following topics are given as an example:. The IJEB publishes original and review papers, technical reports, case studies, conference reports, management reports, book reviews, and notes, commentaries, and news. Contribution may be by submission or invitation, and suggestions for special issues and publications are welcome. The coverage of IJEB includes, but is not limited to, the following subjects:.

The International Journal of Electronic Commerce is a leading refereed quarterly devoted to advancing the understanding and practice of electronic commerce. It serves the needs of researchers as well as practitioners and executives involved in electronic commerce. The Journal aims to offer an integrated view of the field by presenting approaches of multiple disciplines.

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Electronic commerce is the sharing of business information, maintaining business relationships, and conducting business transactions by digital means over telecommunications networks. The Journal accepts empirical and interpretive submissions that make a significant novel contribution to this field. Such contributions may present :. The Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations is designed to provide comprehensive coverage and understanding of the social, cultural, organizational, and cognitive impacts of e-commerce technologies and advances on organizations around the world.

These impacts can be viewed from the impacts of electronic commerce on consumer behavior, as well as the impact of e-commerce on organizational behavior, development, and management in organizations. The secondary objective of this publication is to expand the overall body of knowledge regarding the human aspects of electronic commerce technologies and utilization in modern organizations, assisting researchers and practitioners to devise more effective systems for managing the human side of e-commerce.

Journal of Electronic Commerce is a quarterly peer-reviewed journal published online quarterly and printed annually. It provides an international forum for researchers and professionals to share their knowledge and report new advances on all topics related to electronic commerce theories and applications. The journal focuses on electronic commerce including their theoretical foundations, infrastructure and enabling technologies. Electronic Commerce Research serves as a catalyst for new research and a forum for disseminating the latest findings in all facets of electronic commerce.

The journal's broad scope encompasses core enabling technologies as well as the implications of these technologies for societies, economies, businesses, and individuals. Readers will find a host of important theoretical and empirical research findings that are leading the way to a better understanding of electronic commerce and its impact. A sampling of topics as they relate to the internet and electronic commerce include intelligent agents technologies and their impact; economics of electronic commerce; virtual electronic commerce systems; service creation and provisioning; supply chain management through the internet; collaborative learning, gaming, and work; and workflow for electronic commerce applications.

The journal Electronic Commerce Research and Applications aims to create and disseminate enduring knowledge in the fast-changing e-commerce environment. A major dilemma in e-commerce research, which this journal aims to address, is how to achieve a balance between the currency and the life span of knowledge. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications will contribute to the establishment of a research community which will create the knowledge, technology, theory, and applications for the development of electronic commerce, at the intersection of technological potential and business aims.

The journal will focus on the evolution of design standards for the future as well as analysing past experience. Electronic commerce is a multi-disciplinary area, which should be developed in co-operation with existing fields such as Management Information Systems; Business and Artificial Intelligence; Marketing; Business Strategy and Re-engineering; Knowledge Management; Computer Science; and Telecommunications. We will solicit papers on current technologies from these areas, as well as publish papers on completely new topics.

Driven by rapidly changing business environments and more demanding consumers, many companies are searching for new ways to achieve and retain a competitive advantage via electronic customer relationship management ECRM. It also aims to explore solutions to common CRM problems, including how to maximise impact from CRM technology, which warehousing techniques are most effective, and how to create and manage both short- and long-term relationships. IJEF publishes original and review papers, technical reports, case studies, conference reports, management reports, book reviews, and notes, commentaries, and news.

Although the possible set of paper topics is large and we encourage submission on any area within the scope of e-Finance, the following areas are particularly suitable but are exhaustive :. The domain of interest of IJEG is large, and we encourage submission on any area within the scope of electronic governance. The following areas are particularly suitable, though not exhaustive:. The International Journal of Electronic Government Research is a peer-reviewed multi-disciplinary international journal that publishes high-quality, original research about electronic government.

Electronic government is broadly defined within topics such as but not limited to the hardware and software technology, e-government adoption and diffusion, e-government policy, e-government planning and management, e-government applications, and e-government impacts. The journal also serves as a forum for scholars and practitioners to present theoretical and philosophical discussions on current issues relating to the practice of electronic government.

EG is dedicated to design, development, management, implementation, technology, and application issues in e-government. EG aims to help professionals working in the field, academic educators and policy makers to contribute, to disseminate knowledge, and to learn from each others' work through cutting-edge thinking in e-government. The international dimension is emphasised in order to overcome cultural and national barriers and to meet the needs of accelerating technological change and changes in the global economy.

Although the possible set of topics for papers is large and we encourage submission on any area within the scope of e-government, the following areas are particularly suitable but not exhaustive :. IJEH publishes original and review papers, technical reports, case studies, conference reports, management reports, book reviews, and notes, commentaries, and news. Although the possible set of topics is large and we encourage submission on any area within the scope of e-healthcare, the following areas are particularly suitable but not exhaustive :.

The Electronic Library is devoted to the applications and implications of new technology, automation, digitisation, the Internet, user interfaces, and networks in all types of libraries, information centres and museums throughout the world as well as the development of software and hardware for such applications. It provides a vehicle for the latest research and ongoing developments in today's digital library and information environments in different countries, and offers practical advice, useful information and descriptions of specific applications around the globe.

The objectives of the IJEMR are to attract and publish theoretical, conceptual, and empirical manuscripts from academics and professionals from all disciplines regarding a wide range of contemporary issues in electronic marketing and retailing. The aims of the journal are to disseminate knowledge; provide a learned reference in the field; and facilitate communication between academic and research experts, and executives. Electronic Markets - The International Journal on Networked Business is a leading-edge scientific journal that aims at advancing the understanding and practice of electronic markets.

Upon foundation in , Electronic Markets was the first journal to report on developments and latest trends related to the exciting and rapidly evolving research field of electronic markets and related issues. Electronic Markets was a pioneer in the field of scientific publication on e-commerce research and since evolved to an internationally recognized journal published by Springer. Electronic Markets is a multidisciplinary journal whose audience includes:. Electronic Markets embraces a rich array of electronic markets and networked business issues.

Electronic Markets is a methodologically pluralistic journal. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are both welcome, as long as the studies are methodologically sound.

Conceptual and theory-development papers, empirical hypothesis testing, and case-based studies are all welcome. The Journal of Electronic Publishing JEP is a forum for research and discussion about contemporary publishing practices, and the impact of those practices upon users. Our contributors and readers are publishers, scholars, librarians, journalists,students, technologists, attorneys, retailers, and others with an interest in the methods and means of contemporary publishing. At its inception in January , JEP carved out an important niche by recognizing that print communication was in the throes of significant change, and that digital communication would become an important--and in some cases predominant--means for transmitting published information.

JEP aspires to document the changes in publishing, and in some cases to stimulate and shape the direction of those changes. The articles present innovative ideas, best practices, and leading-edge thinking about all aspects of publishing, authorship, and readership. The editor and publisher are committed to presenting wide-ranging and diverse viewpoints on contemporary publishing practices, and to encouraging dialogue and understanding between key decision-makers in publishing and those who are affected by the decisions being made.

The widespread use of information and communications technology ICT has created a global platform for the exchange of ideas, goods and services; the benefits of which are enormous.


However, it has also created boundless opportunities for fraud and deception. Cyber-crime is one of the biggest growth industry around the globe, whether it be in the form of violation of company policies, fraud, hate crime, extremism, child pornography, or terrorism. It is therefore paramount that the security industry raises its game to combat these threats.

This is an issue of global importance as researchers, government officials, company executives and law enforcement agencies all over the world are struggling to cope. Advancement in the field of information security and digital forensics are expected to continue increasing during the foreseeable future and the IJESDF is designed to meet the demand for researchers to publish high quality peer reviewed publications.

The requirements of industry are varied, challenging and continually changing, with cyber security at the forefront of the knowledge explosion. Articles will focus on research and development, practical knowledge and they present an unbiased review, useful information and techniques. The emerging theory of complex systems research has resulted in a growing movement to reinvigorate management. Theory, research, practice, and education can all benefit by adopting a more dynamic, systemic, cognitive, and holistic approach to the management process. As interest in the study of complex systems has grown, a new vocabulary is emerging to describe discoveries about wide-ranging and fundamental phenomena.

Complexity theory research has allowed for new insights into many phenomena and for the development of new manners of discussing issues regarding management and organizations. A shared language based on the insights of complexity can have an important role in a management context.

The use of complexity theory metaphors can change the way managers think about the problems they face. Instead of competing in a game or a war, managers of a complexity thinking enterprise are trying to find their way on an ever changing, ever turbulent landscape. Such a conception of their organizations' basic task can, in turn, change the day-to-day decisions made by management.

The most productive applications of complexity insights have to do with new possibilities for innovation in organizations. These possibilities require new ways of thinking, but old models of thinking persist long after they are productive. New ways of thinking do not just happen; they require new models which have to be learned. E:CO is dedicated to helping both practicing managers and academics acquire, understand and examine these new mental models.

E:CO publishes articles of a qualitative nature relating complex systems, sensemaking, psychology, philosophy, semiotics, and cognitive science to the management of organizations both public and private. Perhaps more importantly, iJETS is designed as a forum for informed discussion and debate about the role of technology in society, drawing on a variety of viewpoints from all branches of the social and behavioural sciences and humanities.

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As a web-only publication iJETS offers several benefits not normally found in print-based journals. For authors, iJETS provides a peer-reviewed outlet for scholarly papers, without the long lag between submission and publication.

E-Commerce Dissertation Topics

The pace of technological development is so rapid that in many cases pieces published in traditional media are outdated by they time they reach the reader. A web-based journal can circumvent this to some extent, with the submission-to-publication timeframes being as short as two months in some cases. Following the introduction of the phrase "Web 2.

Views on the next stage of the World Wide Web's evolution vary greatly, from the concept of emerging technologies such as the Semantic Web transforming the way the Web is used and leading to new possibilities in artificial intelligence to the observation that increases in Internet connection speeds, modular web applications, and advances in computer graphics will play the key role in the evolution of the World Wide Web. JETWI, a peer reviewed and indexed international journal, aims at gathering the latest advances of various topics in web intelligence and reporting how organizations can gain competitive advantages by applying the different emergent techniques in the real-world scenarios.

Papers and studies which couple the intelligence techniques and theories with specific web technology problems are mainly targeted. Returning to our point, the economics of such a new and dynamic environment are simply not very well understood. An example of this was the large amount of discussion concerning pricing at the workshop. Which form of pricing is the most efficient? Flat- rate pricing where a fee is paid to connect, but usage is not metered? This very much depends on user behavior, which in turn is affected by the biases of the technology already deployed.

An example of such ambiguity resulting from user behavior was made by David Clark [6] during the workshop when he introduced the term expected capacity: during congestion the users pragmatically have an expectation about what they can do, based on what has happened in the past. If one could measure such expectations, one could actually assess the needs of users and charge them differently.

User behavior is based on provisioning, which in turn is based on the amount of network bandwidth.

Report on the Legal System of Electronic Commerce -full text- Introduction

Perhaps in order to maximize the utility of all involved one should set cost according to the expected capacity. Eric Brynjolfsson noted that our current accounting practices and economic concepts were invented for the industrial age a century ago. The information productivity paradox in which companies employing IT do not see significant gains in productivity is not necessarily the result of the lack of productivity increases. Rather, it could be a sign that economists are not measuring added value properly. Just as we need new designs for organizations and markets, we also need new metrics for measuring value in the information age.

Not only is user behavior at the personal level important, but so is the ethos and culture of the user base as a whole. At the workshop, Mitch Kapor argued that the "Internet culture" has relied on collaboration and is likely to lead to better overall results. Admittedly there will always be misbehaving or malicious users. Nevertheless, a system will be designed very differently depending on whether criminals are the norm or exception.

Based on this principle, Kapor and others posed the following questions. Does the Federal government's cryptographic policy presume that the infrastructure should be built about the assumption that a portion even if very small of the users are malicious or conducting illegal activities? Will the commercialization and privatization of the Internet break down the cooperative nature and assumption that the Net citizen one meets is a good citizen?

Is it economically feasible to retain the Internet culture and support for heterogeneity? One would hope the previous culture of the Internet will grow into the future.

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  4. The Internet has thrived because of a culture of cooperation. Significant positive network externalities associated with being on the Internet have translated to powerful economic incentives to cooperate. These incentives bring perceived benefits to individual users and have been, until now, sufficient motivation to avoid worst case abuses. Thus, the challenge is not only to develop effective Internet pricing and security mechanisms, but to do so without losing the benefits of positive network externalities currently gained through interoperability, cooperation, statistical sharing, and the peer-to-peer architecture of the Internet.

    Achieving economic efficiency without inciting users to abandon the Internet's core technical and cultural approach is the challenge to policymakers, businesses, and the public. Within the single month of August a number of startling events confirmed the impressions of many at the Internet Economics Workshop, [7] that electronic commerce and information security is an extraordinarily exciting field as well as an area that is woefully neglected in terms of proper policy. An announcement regarding electronic commerce was made by fourteen banks and financial institutions that formed a company under the name of SmartCash.

    Participants include MasterCard, Bank One, and the Bank of America; the goal of the program is to provide smart cards that can hold immense amounts of information and security functionality. Also, efforts are wisely being made to standardized SmartCash's system with those being developed by Europay, and Visa.

    However, references to Phil Zimmermann and interoperating with Europay a European electronic commerce company quickly turns one's mind to the announcements regarding the US's cryptographic policies. The US has pursued a domestic cryptographic policy that some argue violates its citizens' right to privacy, as well as a foreign export policy thought by most industry leaders to be damaging the competitiveness of American companies. Most people concerned with cryptographic policy followed the Clipper Chip debate and many argued that a mandatory requirement to disallow citizens from using all cryptography other than that to which the government would have backdoor access would be a violation of civil rights.

    The Clinton administration contended that it was never its goal to disallow other forms of cryptography like PGP but merely to make the Clipper protocol the required protocol for communications with the federal government. The document states, "Technical solutions, such as they are, will only work if they are incorporated into all encryption products. To ensure that this occurs, legislation mandating the use of government- approved encryption products or adherence to government encryption criteria is required. SSL is the security protocol built into the Netscape Navigator and Commerce Server to allow for the authentication of customers of Internet stores and for the encryption of payment information such as credit card numbers.

    The bit key has long been considered to be very weak Netscape itself has acknowledged this however little can be done to strengthen the protocol since export restrictions disallow the use of longer keys. This poses a risk to the users of electronic commerce as well as to America's technological strength: other countries without such restrictions can easily develop stronger products that can be sold competitively throughout the world.

    Industry has responded favorably to the administration's movement on this issue but Robert Holleyman, president of the Business Software Alliance stated that though it was "a step in the right direction, "the bit limit is "unnecessary and incompatible with the whole purpose behind key escrow systems which will allow lawful government access and, importantly, assure users the privacy and security they need for their communications. These events underscore the concern many feel regarding the possible loss of America's prominent place in information technologies.

    The state of the art in these technologies was presented at the Internet Economics Workshop. Presentations on the significant research underway towards designing architectures for billing [12] and electronic payment mechanisms [13] reflected that without information security many of the positive economic effects regarding payment and billing would not be possible. Certainly, without security, information technologies cannot realize their full potential.

    From a policy perspective, in making decisions regarding information security and electronic commerce, equal consideration must be given to: 1 the role of government, 2 the role of Internet users, and 3 the role the Internet has in a global economy. To show the extent of the importance and concern of developers of systems dependent on information security policy we briefly present some of the technologies discussed at the workshop. Marvin Sirbu of Carnegie Mellon University, developer of the NetBill system, concluded his analysis by stating that security and privacy issues must be addressed to ensure the integrity of electronic commerce systems.

    NetBill, an Internet billing and payment system, employs digital signatures, encrypted goods delivery, and pseudonyms to support anonymity. Moreover, NetBill recognizes the importance of interoperability by building on a foundation of standard interfaces and open protocols. Clifford Neuman of ISI, developer of the NetCheque System, argued that services envisioned for the NII will themselves be a part of the electronic marketplace, for electronic commerce services can only be offered efficiently if service providers are themselves compensated for their work.

    NetCheque is a system that supports payment for access to NII services. Such an electronic payment service must have a secure, reliable, and efficient system design. Specifically, the system must be flexible to support many different payment mechanisms, scalable to support multiple independent accounting services, efficient to avoid delays, and unobtrusive so that users will not be constantly interrupted. Furthermore, there are several forms of payments that must be considered, including secure presentation, electronic currency, and credit-debit instruments.

    As the final example, Dan Schutzer of Citibank noted that the key needs of electronic commerce include security, privacy, and intellectual property protection. The electronic commerce architecture must be open and provide for a competitive market. If possible, it should reach everyone without requiring merchants to vie for electronic storefront space.

    E-Commerce and E-Business/Concepts and Definitions

    A great deal of significant work has been done by researchers and developers of systems like the ones presented above. However, there is also a great deal of work yet to be done in the technical and engineering fields to make such systems efficient. Of equal importance is the work left to be done by members of the policy, economic, and business fields to properly understand what has previously occurred on systems like the Internet and how these lessons may be applied in the future.

    Economists will have to come to a new understanding of Internet utility and pricing models; businesses will have to adapt their marketing, customer service, product support, and sales infrastructure to a digital marketplace; and policymakers will have to realize— among other things—the international aspects of the new market. Significant opportunities to address these issues are present. However, the government's actions have continued to be heavily influenced by enforcement and intelligence agencies contrary to the expressed interests of many researchers, civil liberty groups, and leaders in the information technology industry.

    The upcoming NIST key escrow workshops are an example of an opportunity at which these issues could be publicly discussed. However, the intent of the workshops is expressed as follows:. All constituents should have ample opportunity to discuss the full range of cryptographic policy initiatives. As is often the case regarding the implementations of large complex systems which have an impact on society as a whole, the questions to be answered and the problems to be resolved are clear.

    Additionally, the Internet may not only have an impact on society, but may become an integral part of our lives when it guides our cars, provides us our entertainment, and allows us to pay our bills. Consequently, it would seem that there are even a greater number of questions and thornier problems—all of which interrelate in a delicate web of mutual influence.

    Since there are so many questions, the most important question is which of the others need to be answered now rather than later? Many would agree that one of the questions that needs to be dealt with now concerns the security infrastructure which will be the basis of the new marketplace and the Information Age.